4.5 Copyright Related to Music, Screen Content and Images Found in Digital Media and on the Internet
Music and images in digital media and on the internet are subject to copyright and require permission for their use, unless there is a clear statement by their creator that they are copyright-free.
Any 'substantial portion' of a work, that is a portion of a work that is instantly recognisable, requires copyright permission if that portion is not used for study or review purposes. Even a tiny portion may be instantly recognisable and would in that case be regarded as a 'substantial' extract requiring copyright permission.
There are four rights associated with music:
- reproduction right
- communication right
- performance right
- mechanical right.
To find information about music performance rights, go to APRA- Australasian Performing Right Association
To find information about using music for advertisements, go to AMCOS - Australasian Mechanical Copyright Owners' Society
A musical recording may have three copyrights - the copyright of the musical work and the copyright of the lyrics (owned by the song writer or their music publisher), plus the copyright of the sound recording (owned by whoever paid for the recording, often a record company). This means that you may have to negotiate with a recording company and a music publisher to get licences for the sample you want to use. You may email a band's website or contact AMCOS to help you find the relevant people. The fee you pay will be a matter for negotiation as there is no set fee for sample licences.
Work through each step in the module:
- 4.1 What is copyright? Why do we need it?
- 4.2 What is the Copyright Act?
- 4.3 Why is it important to respect intellectual property?
- 4.4 How does copyright work in a digital environment?
- 4.5 How is copyright related to music, screen content and images found in digital media and on the internet?