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Students may need support as they learn to decode and comprehend a variety of texts.

The ability to engage with and access a variety of texts is vital for future learning. Students who experience difficulty with reading will experience difficulty in all curriculum areas when reading is required. Students need to be provided with structured opportunities to learn relevant skills and strategies for reading.

The English K–6 Reading support materials explore:

The materials guide teachers through the relevant aspects of reading, how to assess these aspects and effective strategies to address difficulties, providing models and examples.


Difficulties students may experienceA blind student being assisted with brail

Difficulties students may experience
  • Decoding
  • Comprehension


Gathering evidence of learningA boind student reading brail

  • What aspects of literacy are necessary as students learn to read?
    • Phonemic awareness
    • Letter–sound relationships
    • Word parts and whole words
    • Fluency
    • Vocabulary
    • Comprehension
  • What knowledge, skills and strategies may need further investigation?
  • What assessment strategies can I use to investigate particular aspects of reading?


Procedures and strategiesA round student being read to

  • What procedures and strategies are most effective for students who are experiencing difficulties?
    • Phonemic awareness strategies
    • Phonics procedures
    • Visual processing
    • Fluency strategies
    • Comprehension strategies (including vocabulary)



Thought - How can students be supported in the acquisition of reading skills

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